Dry Skin & Moisturisers Therapy

Dry skin occurs when the water / moisture content of the outer most layer of skin i.e. stratum corneum is reduced. As the stratum corneum gets dehydrated it loses its flexibility and becomes dry, cracked, scaly and sometimes itchy. The cracking of the stratum corneum usually occurs when the moisture content falls below 10%. The stratum corneum contains natural water-holding substances, including urea, which retain water from seeping out of the deeper layers of the skin. Water is normally retained in the stratum corneum by a surface film of sebum, which slows down the evaporation of water from the skin surface.
The skin dries out when too much water evaporates from the surface. The process is known as TEWL, or Trans-epidermal water loss. This phenomenon increases with age and is made worse by excessive washing because hot water and soap can remove the layer of natural oil on the skin surface. Dry skin can be present in several dermatological skin diseases including atopic dermatitis (eczema), psoriasis, etc.
Emollients (in moisturizing lotions and creams) are the standard treatment for all dry and scaly skin conditions. They hydrate dry skin and help to sooth irritation. Emollients need to be applied frequently to be effective. Used properly, they help to keep the skin soft, smooth & healthy.
The emollients contain a range of different ingredients, and also vary in their forms. Based on the condition, degree of dryness and distribution, some dry skin conditions respond better to some emollients than others.

 

Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic eczema also known as atopic dermatitis is a type of eczema, an inflammatory, relapsing, non-contagious and pruritic (itchy) skin disorder.

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    Atopic eczema also known as atopic dermatitis is a type of eczema, an inflammatory, relapsing, non-contagious and pruritic (itchy) skin disorder.
    The skin of a patient with atopic dermatitis reacts abnormally and easily to irritants, food and environmental allergens and becomes very itchy, which leads to scratching, redness, and flaky skin. It also becomes vulnerable to surface infections caused by bacteria. The skin on the flexural surfaces of the joints (for example inner sides of elbows and knees) are the most commonly affected regions in people.
    Atopic dermatitis often occurs together with other atopic diseases like hay fever, asthma and allergic conjunctivitis. It is a familial and chronic disease and its symptoms can increase or disappear over time. Atopic dermatitis most often begins in childhood before age 5 and may persist into adulthood. For some, it flares periodically and then subsides for a time, even up to several years.
    Although there is no cure for atopic eczema, and its cause is not well understood, it can be treated very effectively in the short term through a combination of prevention (learning what triggers the allergic reactions) and drug therapy. Along with the use of different immune modulators & steroids, proper use of pro-bathing & post-bathing moisturisers can keep the disease in control, almost without compromising the quality of life.

 

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory disease which can affect the skin, joints and nails. There are different types of psoriasis, based on their area of distribution as well as the affected tissue.

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    Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory disease which can affect the skin, joints and nails. There are different types of psoriasis, based on their area of distribution as well as the affected tissue.
    The causes of psoriasis are not fully understood and are the subject of ongoing research. From what is understood till now, in psoriasis, the immune system is mistakenly activated, which leads to over-production of skin cells. Skin cells build up too rapidly on the surface of the skin, forming raised, red, scaly patches (called plaques). These plaques are often itchy and sometimes painful. Psoriasis lesions commonly appear on the scalp, limbs and lower back, but they can occur anywhere on the body.
    Some people are not very affected by their psoriasis symptoms, but for others, psoriasis is a disabling and embarrassing condition that affects their lifestyle and their interactions with others. Treatments aim to relieve symptoms and improve daily life, and include different types of immune modulating drugs, and also steroids. However, proper moisturising forms one of the basic elements, which helps keep the condition in check and improves quality of life.

 

Acne & Isotretinoin Induced Dryness

Acne (sometimes called acne vulgaris) is a common human skin disease, characterized by areas of skin with seborrhea & inflammation (oily & scaly red skin), comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), papules (pinheads), nodules (large papules),

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    Acne (sometimes called acne vulgaris) is a common human skin disease, characterized by areas of skin with seborrhea & inflammation (oily & scaly red skin), comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), papules (pinheads), nodules (large papules), pimples, and possibly scarring. Acne affects mostly skin with the densest population of sebaceous follicles; these areas include the face, the upper part of the chest, and the back.
    Among the many different treatments available, one of the most effective oral therapies available is the oral retinoid Isotretinoin, which is especially efficient in controlling severe inflammatory acne. One of the major side effects of the drug is dryness of skin, which is most evident in the lips (as the skin of the lips is devoid of oil & sweat glands which comprise the natural skin moisturising mechanism). However, the lip dryness induced by Isotretinoin can be conveniently controlled by proper use of appropriate moisturisers.

 

Fissure Foot

Fissure foot or cracked heel, as the name suggests, affects the heel of the foot.

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    Fissure foot or cracked heel, as the name suggests, affects the heel of the foot. In order to withstand the wear & tear of the high pressure generated while we move, the skin of the heels is naturally one of the toughest, with higher levels of thickness and keratiinisation.
    Due to the mechanical & environmental forces, the heels often get cracked. While it can be quite irritating and painful, the condition can be conveniently treated by use of intense moisturisers. Proper care & Moisturisers containing the natural moisturising agent Urea in the right percentage can have magical effects in restoring the normal texture of the heel.

 

Other Dry Skin Disorders

Skin can be affected by other dry skin conditions like Ichthyosis (a condition with dry scaly skin, of familial origin and genetic predisposition).

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    Skin can be affected by other dry skin conditions like Ichthyosis (a condition with dry scaly skin, of familial origin and genetic predisposition). Along with steroids, proper moisturisers use forms the mainstay of controlling the condition. Senile dry skin is another condition which affects the elderly population. The major reason is depletion of the fat layer underlying the skin as well as reduction of natural oil production in the senescent (aged) skin. Both conditions can be effectively kept in check by proper use of moisturisers during as well as after bathing.